Etymology[ edit ] The word "existence" comes from the Latin word exsistere meaning "to appear", "to arise", "to become", or "to be", but literally, it means "to stand out" ex- being the Latin prefix for "out" added to the causative of the verb stare, meaning "to stand". Avicennism and Scholasticism In the Western tradition of philosophy, the earliest known comprehensive treatments of the subject are from Plato 's PhaedoRepublicand Statesman and Aristotle 's Metaphysicsthough earlier fragmentary writing exists. Aristotle developed a comprehensive theory of being, according to which only individual things, called substances, fully have to be, but other things such as relations, quantity, time, and place called the categories have a derivative kind of being, dependent on individual things. In Aristotle's Metaphysics, there are four causes of existence or change in nature:
In the forests of the night; What immortal hand or eye, Could frame thy fearful symmetry? In what distant deeps or skies.
Burnt the fire of thine eyes? On what wings dare he aspire? What the hand, dare seize the fire? And when thy heart began to beat, What dread hand? Did he smile his work to see? Did he who made the Lamb make thee?
Tyger Tyger burning bright, In the forests of the night: What immortal hand or eye, Dare frame thy fearful symmetry? Summary The poem begins with the speaker asking a fearsome tiger what kind of divine being could have created it: Comparing the creator to a blacksmith, he ponders about the anvil and the furnace that the project would have required and the smith who could have wielded them.
And when the job was done, the speaker wonders, how would the creator have felt? Form The poem is comprised of six quatrains in rhymed couplets. The simplicity and neat proportions of the poems form perfectly suit its regular structure, in which a string of questions all contribute to the articulation of a single, central idea.
Commentary The opening question enacts what will be the single dramatic gesture of the poem, and each subsequent stanza elaborates on this conception. Blake is building on the conventional idea that nature, like a work of art, must in some way contain a reflection of its creator.
The tiger is strikingly beautiful yet also horrific in its capacity for violence.
What kind of a God, then, could or would design such a terrifying beast as the tiger? In more general terms, what does the undeniable existence of evil and violence in the world tell us about the nature of God, and what does it mean to live in a world where a being can at once contain both beauty and horror?
The tiger initially appears as a strikingly sensuous image. However, as the poem progresses, it takes on a symbolic character, and comes to embody the spiritual and moral problem the poem explores: The smithy represents a traditional image of artistic creation; here Blake applies it to the divine creation of the natural world.
It also continues from the first description of the tiger the imagery of fire with its simultaneous connotations of creation, purification, and destruction.
The speaker stands in awe of the tiger as a sheer physical and aesthetic achievement, even as he recoils in horror from the moral implications of such a creation; for the poem addresses not only the question of who could make such a creature as the tiger, but who would perform this act.
This is a question of creative responsibility and of will, and the poet carefully includes this moral question with the consideration of physical power. The reference to the lamb in the penultimate stanza reminds the reader that a tiger and a lamb have been created by the same God, and raises questions about the implications of this.
The perspective of experience in this poem involves a sophisticated acknowledgment of what is unexplainable in the universe, presenting evil as the prime example of something that cannot be denied, but will not withstand facile explanation, either.Start studying Phi final.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Aristotleian naturalism involves a denial of the existence of a separate supernatural order of reality. Aristotle is the first Western thinker of record to provide an adequate analysis of the ____ of change.
process. For the purposes of reviewing Swinburne's book, we are not really interested in any sense in the existence of "God," the universal idea or abstraction; that is a question for Plato. We are interested in establishing if any instantiation of "God" exists.
Rigorously objective analysis of human behavior reveals human behavior contains the assumption of eternal existence, on quite a number of levels. Since human bodies are certainly not eternal, human beings MUST contain an eternally existing component, i.e.
they must have souls.
|Metaphysics - Wikipedia||If one were to look at a tree one day, and the tree later lost a leaf, it would seem that one could still be looking at that same tree.|
|Existence - Wikipedia||Conclusion Richard Swinburne is an icon of rational theism. He has been praised as being "perhaps the most significant proponent of argumentative theism today" and "one of the foremost rational Christian apologists.|
|Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)||Explain how to do something or how something happens. Does any portion of the essay include concrete directions about a certain process?|
|Homework Help Questions & Answers: Math, Science, Literature, History & More - barnweddingvt.com||If one were to look at a tree one day, and the tree later lost a leaf, it would seem that one could still be looking at that same tree. Two rival theories to account for the relationship between change and identity are perdurantismwhich treats the tree as a series of tree-stages, and endurantismwhich maintains that the organism—the same tree—is present at every stage in its history.|
|In writing Nature, Emerson drew upon material from his journals, sermons, and lectures. A new edition also published by Munroe, with Emerson paying the printing costs, his usual arrangement with Munroe appeared in December of|
eNotes Homework Help is where your questions are answered by real teachers. Having trouble understanding a book or struggling to start your English essay?
Ask us any question . Sartre claimed that a central proposition of Existentialism is that existence precedes however, in response to a question posed by his French follower Jean Beaufret, Heidegger distanced himself from Sartre's position and existentialism His seminal work The Courage to Be follows Kierkegaard's analysis of anxiety and life's.
Ling Professor Oiry Fall 1 1. Morphology How to do morphological analysis (or any other kind of linguistic analysis) Morphology is the study of word formation – .