In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: From Garvey to Marley:
Pettiford Rastafarianism is a religion that was created in the early hundreds due to the social and poor economic conditions of the Black people in Jamaica.
They have been referred to as a violent cult not only in Jamaica, but also in America and Canada, where many of the members and affiliates have migrated.
In my opinion these myths are not accurate, and I believe this religion is no different than any other religion of today. The followers of Rastafarianism believe that Haile Selassie the former Emperor of Ethiopia, is the Black Messiah who appeared in the flesh for the redemption of all Blacks exiled in the world of white oppressors.
The movement views Ethiopia as the Promised Land. The group has no individual leadership.
Most of the members are men from thirty-five to fifty-five years of age. The older members are either ex-Graveyites or sympathizers of his movement.
Women play an important role in the Rastafarianism today, but the majority are followers of their husbands. In the membership was essentially lower class, but this is no longer the case.
The Rastafarians were once considered "products of the slum," but Rastafarians now can be found among the middle class. They are found among the elite, some are students at prestigious University of the West Indies; some are in the medical and legal professions and other upper-class occupations.
This movement called for all Blacks to return to their ancestral home, specifically Ethiopia. Marcus Garvey taught self-reliance in Jamaica where he was born, as well as abroad and preached a "back to Africa movement" consciousness.
|An Analysis of Rastafarianism | Spirituality||An Analysis of Rastafarianism By: Bosso For many people the religion of Rastafarianism is very closely associated with the Caribbean.|
|History of Rastafarianism - ReligionFacts||A Critique Non-traditional religious movements often grow and survive by maintaining an inherent flexibility and an ability to change with the times and with the needs of potential converts. Christianity's stake upon the historical event of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ -- an event that is by nature open to rational investigation and therefore subject, theoretically speaking, to disproof -- is a bold statement of a faith that simply cannot or will not change with the wind.|
|Journal of the American Academy of Religion||History of Rastafarianism Beginnings of Rastafarianism The Rastafari religion developed in the slums of Kingston, Jamaica, in the s and 30s. In an environment of great poverty, depression, racism and class discrimination, the Rasta message of black pride, freedom from oppression, and the hope of return to the African homeland was gratefully received.|
Marcus Garvey in said "look to Africa, when a Black king shall be crowned, for the day of deliverance is at hand". Many people thought the prophecy was fulfilled when in ; Ras Tafari was crowned emperor Haile Selassie 1 of Ethiopia and proclaimed "king of kings, lord of lords, and conquering lion of the Tribe of Judah.
He and all his followers took great pride in being Black and wanted to regain the Black heritage that was lost by losing faith straying from the holy ways. Their unique hairstyle known as the "dreadlocks" which many people feel is wild and unattractive is one of the reasons the Rastafarians obtained a negative image in society.
Rasta, which is short for Rastafarians, adopted the dreadlocks while in the hill country in Jamaica where the movement developed its early characteristics. These two particular traditions have deemed the Rastafarians as an unacceptable society by Westerners, as well as the people from within there own community.
Religions always reflect the social and geographical environment out of which they emerge like Rastafarianism. For example, the use of marijuana as a sacrament and aid to meditation is logical in Jamaica where a particular plant "ganja" grows freely.
Ganja is used for religious purposes for Rastas. The following are a few of the many Biblical texts that Rasta embrace as reasons Jah which is there name for godgave for the use of the herb: This plant is illegal in most of the world, except in some place in Europe. For example "All the days of the vow of the separation there shall no razor come upon his head until the days are fulfilled for which he separated himself to the Lord, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow Numbers 6: In the past, Rasta saw that Blacks were held down physically by the shackles of slavery.
In the present, Rasta feel that Blacks are still held down through poverty, illiteracy, inequality, and trickery by the white man. The effort of Rasta is to try to remind Blacks of their heritage and have them stand up against this Babylon. Rastafari is probably most often associated with reggae music.
It is now a fairly popular style, and was made so with the contribution of Bob Marley. Bob Marley wrote political songs like "Concrete Jungle" the following are the lyrics from the song. No sun will shine in my day today No sun will shine.
Darkness has covered my light and has changed,Rastafarianism is a religion that was created in the early hundreds due to the social and poor economic conditions of the Black people in Jamaica. The Rastafarian religious and political movement has come under great scrutiny by society because of it's beliefs and traditions.4/4(1).
Rastafarian religion and everything it includes and goes around is under a strict eye of Jamaican people as well as anthropologists and sociologists on the island and from nearby countries.
STUDY OF RASTAFARIAN CULTURE IN COLUMBUS, OHIO: NOTES FROM AN AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMAN’S JOURNEY DISSERTATION Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for analysis, and limitations of the study are discussed.
The participant’s narratives are . Rastafarianism: A Critique Non-traditional religious movements often grow and survive by maintaining an inherent flexibility and an ability to change with the times and with the needs of potential converts. Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the s.
Scholars of religion and related fields have classified it as both a new religious movement and a social movement. Erskine's text opens with a masterful historical analysis of the roots of Rastafarian theology.
He locates these roots in a tradition of religious resistance to slavery and colonialism that dates back to the period of plantation slavery in Jamaica. The first phase in this tradition of religious resistance was obeahist.