In addition to commercial features, several Hollywood directors produced documentaries for government and military agencies. The last three were shot on location and were made especially effective by their immediacy.
Name of Brazil It is likely that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwooda tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. Some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". This was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
This area has the largest concentration of prehistoric sites in the Americas. The indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups e. By the end of the 17th century, sugarcane exports began to decline,  and the discovery of gold by bandeirantes in the s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering a Brazilian Gold Rush  which attracted thousands of new settlers to Brazil from Portugal and all Portuguese colonies around the world.
Inin retaliation for being forced into exile, the Prince Regent ordered the Portuguese conquest of French Guiana. Into justify continuing to live in Brazil, where the royal court had thrived for the prior six years, the Crown established the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarvesthus creating a pluricontinental transatlantic monarchic state.
Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians increased, and the Portuguese Cortesguided by the new political regime imposed by the Liberal Revolution, tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony.
As the new Emperor could not exert his constitutional powers until he became of age, a regency was set up by the National Assembly. These emerged from the dissatisfaction of the provinces with the central power, coupled with old and latent social tensions peculiar to a vast, slaveholding and newly independent nation state.
The Atlantic slave trade was abandoned in as a result of the British Aberdeen Actbut only in May after a long process of internal mobilization and debate for an ethical and legal dismantling of slavery in the countrywas the institution formally abolished.
The early republican government was nothing more than a military dictatorship, with army dominating affairs both at Rio de Janeiro and in the states. Freedom of the press disappeared and elections were controlled by those in power.
The first was the Constitutionalist Revolution inled by the Paulista oligarchy.
The second was a Communist uprising in Novemberand the last one a putsch attempt by local fascists in May Brazil remained neutral until Augustwhen the country entered on the allied side  after suffering retaliation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italyin a strategic dispute over the South Atlantic.
Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since Several brief interim governments followed Vargas's suicide.
M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.Politics after Violence An Unorthodox History of New Spain.
By Martin Austin Nesvig + More. The Senses of Democracy Perception, Politics, and Culture in Latin America.
Brazilian Popular Performance, Transnational Encounters, and the Construction of Race. By Lisa Shaw + More. In the s, films were seen mostly via temporary storefront spaces and traveling exhibitors or as acts in vaudeville programs. A film could be under a minute long and would usually present a single scene, authentic or staged, of everyday life, a public event, a sporting event or barnweddingvt.com was little to no cinematic technique, the film was usually black and white and it was without sound.
Government and politics Palácio do Planalto During 19th Century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.
are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history. During the s, Brazil saw a surge of critical. History, Politics and Culture in Latin America An Introduction Spring Class code Projection of film Bolivia by Israel Adrián Caetano.
Week 6 March 18 March New Perspectives / Useful concept? Brazil: an introduction – Peculiarities of Brazilian society/ The case of Getulio Vargas.
The Brazil Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers) [Robert barnweddingvt.com, John Crocitti] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bordering all but two of South America’s other nations and by far Latin America’s largest country.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.