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Ancient India[ edit ] Ancient texts Ashokavadana and the Divyavadana mention a non-Buddhist in Pundravardhana drew a picture showing the Buddha bowing at the feet of Nirgrantha Jnatiputra identified with Mahavirathe founder of Jainism.
On complaint from a Buddhist devotee, Ashokaan emperor of the Maurya Dynastyissued an order to arrest him, and subsequently, another order to kill all the Ajivikas in Pundravardhana. Around 18, followers of the Ajivika sect were executed as a result of this order. Ashoka burnt him and his entire family alive in their house.
According to Ashokavadana, as a result of this order, his own brother, Vitashokawas mistaken for a heretic and killed by a cowherd. Their ministers advised that "this is an example of the suffering that is being inflicted even on those who are free from desire" and that he "should guarantee the security of all beings".
After this, Ashoka stopped giving orders for executions.
Sarao and Benimadhab Baruastories of persecutions of rival sects by Ashoka appear to be a clear fabrication arising out of sectarian propaganda. In one of the stories, the razing of stupas and viharas is mentioned with Pushyamitra.
The source of the disturbance is a secret war of ideology, and it is a cause for violence directed at destroying Western values and killing a lot of innocent people – Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Introduction When everyone is saying "peace and safety," sudden destruction will come upon them (1 Thessalonians ). With the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the demise of the cold war, the threat of Communism vanished in a twinkling of an eye. To comprehend why Islamic and Western civilization conflict so sharply requires studying the basic differences between their underlying philosophies. Make no mistake: The bare facts reveal that the West now finds itself in very serious jeopardy. Why the Clash of Civilizations? particularly in Western nations, Muslims in increasing.
This has been historically mapped to the reign of King Pushyamitra of the Shunga Empire about years before Divyavadana was written. Archeological remains of stupas have been found in Deorkothar that suggest deliberate destruction, conjectured to be one mentioned in Divyavadana about Pushyamitra.
The fictional tales of Divyavadana is considered by scholars  as being of doubtful value as a historical record.
Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinentPersecution of Hindusand Persecution of Muslims Historical records of religious violence are extensive for medieval India, in the form of corpus written by Muslim historians. According to Will DurantHindus historically experienced persecution during Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent.
Lal in his book Theory and Practice of Muslim State in India claims that between the years AD and AD, the population of the Indian subcontinent decreased from to million.
Ghurye writes that religious violence between Hindus and Muslims in medieval India may be presumed to have begun soon after Muslims began settling there. They continued through the Mughal Empire, and then in the British colonial period.
Religious communities tended to become political constituencies. This was particularly true of the Muslim League created inwhich catered exclusively for the interests of the Muslims Purely Hindu organizations also appeared such as the Hindu Sabha later Mahasabha founded in In the meantime Hindu-Muslim riots became more frequent; but they were not a novelty: When in he [Muhammad Ali Jinnah] became the first Governor General of Pakistan and the new border was demarcated, gigantic riots broke out between Hindus and Muslims.
CircaChalukya armies invaded northern India where they looted temples of Ganga and Yamuna. In the early 10th century, the Pratihara king Herambapala looted an image from a temple in the Sahi kingdom of Kangrawhich in the 10th century was looted by the Pratihara king Yasovarman.
In the midth century, the Chola king Rajadhiraja plundered a temple in Kalyani. In the late 11th century, the Hindu king Harsha of Kashmir plundered temples as an institutionalised activity.
In the late 12th to early 13th centuries, the Paramara dynasty attacked and plundered Jain temples in Gujarat. Vijayanagara king Krishnadevaraya looted a Balakrishna temple in Udayagiri inand he looted a Vittala temple in Pandharpur in Muhammad bin Qasim and his army, assaulted numerous towns, plundered them for wealth, enslaved Buddhists and Hindus, and destroyed temples and monasteries.
One fifth of the booty and slaves were dispatched back as khums tax to Hajjaj and the Caliph.Traditional Muslims affirm, as did Pakistani anthropologist Akbar S. Ahmed, one of the leading interpreters of Islamic values for Western audiences, “Islam is essentially the religion of equilibrium and tolerance; suggesting a breadth of vision, global positions and fulfillment of human destiny in the universe” (Ahmed, , p.
48). The source of the disturbance is a secret war of ideology, and it is a cause for violence directed at destroying Western values and killing a lot of innocent people – Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Chapter One: The Western Sexual Morality. Is sex inherently evil? reason why I discussed the religious and social background in which the sexual revolution has taken place is to let the Muslims In the West and the East know that this revolution was not a by-product of science and technology per se (although some scientific technologies like.
THE WESTERN ATTITUDE TOWARD ISLAM DUR- ING THE PERIOD OF THE CRUSADES1 very little was known in west- ern Europe about the Muslims and their religion.
This may seem strange, as Prutz points out2, when we consider how long the Christians had been fighting against the followers of the Prophet cusations against their morals. An introduction to the story of the Garden of Eden: God hates the nature He created, women are evil and deceitful slaves created from ribs, animals are all deserving of murder at your next possible convenience, snakes want to kill you (false btw) and God hates what you decide to do, even though He knew you would do it already.
I. Introduction Colonialism is a phenomenon that continents such as Africa and Asia in particular experienced from hands of Europeans major powers.
It is defined as exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one or the use of the weaker country's resources to strengthen and enrich the stronger country. (Worldweb OnlineDictionary, n.d).