Information shown in red indicates recent additions. If there is evidence that HIV causes AIDS, there should be scientific documents which either singly or collectively demonstrate that fact, at least with a high probability.
The virus is so difficult to prevent that it gets frustrating. But we just have to keep working. At the CDC, Gayle oversaw the efforts of more than three hundred scientists who interpreted and published data covering all facets of the HIV infection.
Her father, Jacob Gayle, Sr. Marietta, her mother, was a psychiatric social worker. While still an undergraduate, Gayle heard a speech by Dr. Henderson on the efforts made worldwide to eradicate smallpox, a highly contagious and deadly virus that devastated the human population until a vaccination against it became available.
In Gayle was selected to enter the renowned epidemiology training program at the CDC.
In the early s, she began investigating the global ramifications of the illness. Agency for International Developmentwhich allowed her to combine her commitment to public health service with an opportunity to further examine the effects of the virus throughout the world.
According to CDC director Dr. Gayle exemplifies the best in public health leadership. For over a decade, she has made significant contributions to the international and domestic study, control, and prevention of HIV and AIDS and other infectious diseases. By the late s, although only 11 percent of American women were black, black women constituted 52 percent of the female AIDS population across the country.
Among children stricken with the AIDS virus in the same time frame, 53 percent were black. The World Health Organization estimated eight to ten million cases of the HIV infection existed on all continents in the early s, yet five million cases were reported in Africa alone.
AIDS has pushed that need to the limit. Her work involves teaching people about the ways in which human beings are infected and how related diseases occur.
To counter cultural factors in certain areas, such as parts of southeast Asia where adolescent prostitution is widespread, Gayle has championed the development of female condoms and vaginal virucides. Substance abuse contributes greatly to the growing number of AIDS cases, especially among poverty-stricken communities where drug abuse is rampant and the practice of sharing needles provides a direct route for the virus.
With the financial support of the Gates Foundation, and with her connections in the government and the medical community, Gayle set her sights on working with governments throughout the world to increase AIDS awareness and prevention.
Gayle has chosen advocacy on public health over a more lucrative career in private practice, and she remains unmarried. At some point there may be reasons why I would want to shift those priorities.
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To better understand the challenge of boundary-spanning management, this report profiles Dr. Helen Gayle, Director of the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP) at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).
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