Notes Introduction Spartan and Athenian society were very different in many aspects. However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. The differences are what set the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what united them as Greek city-states.
They were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives. One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government.
Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office.
Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy.
Spartan life was simple. The focus was on obedience and war. Slavery made this possible by freeing the young men from household and industrial duties and allowing them to focus on their military duties.
Young boys were trained to be warriors; young girls were trained to be mothers of warriors. Athenian life was a creative wonderland. As an Athenian, you could get a good education and could pursue any of several kinds of arts or sciences. You could serve in the army or navy, but you didn't have to.
This applied only to boys, however: Girls were restricted to other pursuits, not war or business or education. For many years, Spartan armies provided much of the defense of the Greek lands.
The Spartan heroism at the Battle of Thermopylaeduring the Persian Warsinspired all of Greece to fight back with all their might against the invading Persians.
Athenian and Spartan fought side by side in the Battle of Plataeawhich ended Persian invasions of Greece. One way that Athens and Sparta really differed was in their idea of getting along with the rest of the Greeks.
Sparta seemed content to keep to itself and provide army and assistance when necessary. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. This was the Peloponnesian War.
After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war. In true Greek spirit, Sparta refused to burn the city of Athens.
Rather, the culture and spirit of Athens was allowed to live on, as long as the Athenians no longer desired to rule their fellow Greeks.Sparta: A Novel [Roxana Robinson] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Conrad Farrell does not come from a military family, but as a classics major at Williams College, he has encountered the powerful appeal of the Marine Corps ethic: Semper Fidelis comes straight from Sparta. This is a survey of ancient Greek history from the Bronze Age to the death of Socrates in BCE.
Along with studying the most important events and personalities, we will consider broader issues such as political and cultural values and methods of historical interpretation. The Sparta Wrestling Club is now accepting online donations.
Your donations will help fund renovations to the wrestling room, the purchase of new singlets and warm-ups, transportation and hotel costs for tournaments and the sponsor-a-wrestler program for the end-of-the-year banquet.
The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/ Mythopoeic Thought. The pioneering work on this subject was The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man, An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East by Henri Frankfort, H.A.
Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A.
Irwin (University of Chicago Press, , -- also once issued by Penguin as Before Philosophy). Life in Classical Sparta. Jean-Pierre Saint-Ours, The Selection of Children in Sparta, Aristotle was a harsh critic of the Spartan constitution and way of life.
There is considerable evidence that the Spartans, certainly in the archaic period, were not educated as one-sidedly as Aristotle asserts. In fact, the Spartans were Government: Diarchy, Oligarchy.
Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy – where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. This differed from Sparta’s rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people – next to none, in fact.