The controversies surrounding the migram experiment in psychology

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The controversies surrounding the migram experiment in psychology

Three individuals took part in each session of the experiment: The "experimenter", who was in charge of the session. The "teacher", a volunteer for a single session. The "teacher" was led to believe that they were merely assisting, whereas they were actually the subject of the experiment.

The "learner", an actor and a confederate of the experimenter, who pretended to be a volunteer.

Aug 28,  · On the problem that one of social psychology's most famous findings cannot be replicated "I think it leaves social psychology in a difficult situation. it is such an iconic experiment. His early period featured. the the controversies surrounding the migram experiment in psychology life worth a history of the trinity churches in new york city being lived;. Speaking of controversial topics in psychology, psychology itself resides within the obscure and uncomfortable premises of controversy as it is the only science that eludes any concrete or standard definition as its scope is ever-growing, needless to say in unexpected and inscrutable directions.

The subject and the actor arrived at the session together. The experimenter told them that they were taking part in "a scientific study of memory and learning", to see what the effect of punishment is on a subject's ability to memorize content.

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Also, he always clarified that the payment for their participation in the experiment was secured regardless of its development. The subject and actor drew slips of paper to determine their roles.

Unknown to the subject, both slips said "teacher". The actor would always claim to have drawn the slip that read "learner", thus guaranteeing that the subject would always be the "teacher". Next, the teacher and learner were taken into an adjacent room where the learner was strapped into what appeared to be an electric chair.

The experimenter told the participants this was to ensure that the learner would not escape. The teacher and learner were then separated, so that they could communicate but not see each other.

Obedience experiments

The teacher was then given a list of word pairs that he was to teach the learner. The teacher began by reading the list of word pairs to the learner. The teacher would then read the first word of each pair and read four possible answers. The learner would press a button to indicate his response.

If the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing in volt increments for each wrong answer.

If correct, the teacher would read the next word pair.

The controversies surrounding the migram experiment in psychology

In reality, there were no shocks. After the learner was separated from the teacher, the learner set up a tape recorder integrated with the electroshock generator, which played prerecorded sounds for each shock level. As the voltage of the fake shocks increased, the learner began making audible protests, such as banging repeatedly on the wall that separated him from the teacher.Still, Reuter-Lorenz and Kurtzman said introductory psychology textbooks have not necessarily been updated to reflect controversies surrounding older, quintessential psychology studies.

Kurtzman said whether older studies like the Stanford prison experiment remain in textbooks depends on the textbook author’s goal and approach.

Vexingly Controversial Topics in Psychology You Should Know About

Aug 28,  · On the problem that one of social psychology's most famous findings cannot be replicated "I think it leaves social psychology in a difficult situation.

it is such an iconic experiment. According to studies by historians of psychology, social psychology textbooks are still giving significant space to Milgram’s conclusions, but fewer pages than ever to serious criticism of his work.

The controversies surrounding the migram experiment in psychology

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Milgram Experiment Ethics - Should We Use Deception in Experiments?