Ludwig Wittgenstein The great philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein was of half Jewish and half Catholic heritage. He was also a homosexual. One of eight children sired by an Austrian millionaire steel industrialist, Ludwig sought simplicity and solitude, rejecting the privileged and highly cultured lifestyle of his father and sister.
Introduced in the House as H. This included that a station's commitment to airing and supporting educational children's programming had to become a factor in license renewals, and that limits had to be imposed on the amount of advertising that can be aired during television programs targeting children.
It also called for the Secretary of Education to establish a National Endowment to help support the production of educational children's programming. The rule was intended to prevent children's programs that were tie-ins with toy franchises such as, for example, G.
Joe from airing ads The influence of television on children the toys themselves during their associated programs. The restriction on "program-length commercials" was also considered to be too narrow; critics such as Charren had demanded that it apply to any program targeted towards children that was primarily designed to promote products associated with them, rather than only applying if advertising for said products were broadcast during the program.
The FCC did little to regulate these logs up untilbut later on, came up with certain rules and regulations such as the safe harbor provision in order to regulate content for younger audiences.
Due to the weak definition used and in particular, the allowance for programs meeting social and emotional needs to possibly be considered educationalmany stations attempted to interpret programs not specifically-designed to be educational—such as The FlintstonesG.
JoeHard CopyThe Jetsonsand Leave It to Beaver —as containing discussion of social and moral issues that made them "educational". His proposal included that stations be required to air a minimum of three hours of children's educational programming per-week.
Jeff Bingaman issued a letter of support for the proposal, signed by 24 Democratic senators and 1 Republican. Fritts, president of the National Association of Broadcastersaccused Hundt of being "obsessed" with the proposed quota. In regards to reports that Hundt was struggling to receive FCC majority support for the proposal and was repeatedly "stalling" a final vote, Fritts stated that Hundt was that "acting like a regulatory referee wanting to push the game into overtime even though the final score is lopsided.
The new regulations were intended to provide clearer regulatory obligations for television stations, and promote public awareness of educational programming offered by television stations. The FCC ordered that by Septemberall commercial television stations must broadcast at least three hours of such programming per-week, regularly scheduled between the hours of 7: As they are not under the jurisdiction of the FCC, this regulation does not apply to cable channels.
In Septemberthe FCC announced revisions to the regulations to account for the then-upcoming digital television transition. The FCC also introduced new rules regarding promotion of websites during children's programming aimed at viewers 12 and younger on broadcast and cable channels; they may only be for pages that do not contain any commercial or e-commerce content, must offer "a substantial amount of bona fide program-related or other noncommercial content", and that pages containing imagery of characters from the program must be "sufficiently separated" from commercial areas of the site.
Citing the wider variety of platforms available including cable networks and digital platformshe stated that "with today's dynamic media marketplace there are very little, if any, additional benefits provided by the Kid Vid rules".
O'Rielly also argued that the "onerous" nature of the regulations were also making stations reluctant to air other, more viable programs on Saturday mornings, such as newscasts and sports. Studios such as Litton Entertainment benefited from the resulting demand. A research report from Georgetown University said that one issue contributing to this was that what constituted "educational television" programming was defined too broadly, as programming that was only academic or that covered pro-social issues, for example, counted towards station requirements.
Another issue was that traditional ideas of what should be taught to children, such as the alphabet or number systems, were lost. There was also a reported increase in the amount of programs focusing on social issues. Writers for these programs wrote stories that often were not academically sound for young viewers, because they were not trained in writing for this audience.
One show that was an exception to this rule is The Magic School Busas it combined effective writing and educational content for children. However, they also leveraged techniques designed to bolster the programs as a brand when merchandised, such as close-up "money shots" of key characters designed to encourage recognition of them by viewers.
It featured a mix of Disney animated series, educational interstitial segments including one featuring comedian Robin Williams discussing historical figures as his Genie character from Aladdinthe new educational series Science Courtand a flagship wraparound program Disney's One Saturday Morning.The bad news is, the majority of experts think that a TV/video-driven culture has bad effects on kids – and may prevent kids from being smart.
They cite the following: TV provides no educational benefits for a child under age 2. Jan 12, · The Influence of Television on Children and Adolescents in an Urban Slum Pankaja Raghav and Alok Kumar Department of Community Medicine, ACS Medical College, Velappan Chawadi, Poonamalle Highway, Chennai– , India.
Obesity in children increases the more hours they watch television.
Children’s exposure to TV ads for unhealthy food products (i.e., high-calorie, low-nutrient snacks, fast foods and sweetened drinks) are a significant risk factor for obesity.
Children’s Television Act; Other short titles: Children’s Television Act of Long title: An act to require the Federal Communications Commission to reinstate restrictions on advertising during children's television, to enforce the obligation of broadcasters to meet the educational and informational needs of the child audience, and for other purposes.
Today’s generation of children and adolescents is growing up immersed in media, using platforms that allow kids to both consume and create content, including broadcast and streamed television and movies; sedentary and active video games; social and interactive media that can be creative and engaging for both individuals and groups; .
All recent research sustain that television and computer are having a negative influence on our mind’s developing and functioning.
The time we spend in front of the TV or the computer affect us deeply.