Zheng he

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Zheng he

The Muslim eunuch admiral of Ming China's treasure fleet, Zheng He, led one of the greatest armadas in history on 7 voyages around the Indian Ocean. Read and learn for free about the following article: Zheng He. For the Three Kingdoms general, see Zhang He. Between and , the Ming government sponsored a series of seven naval expeditions. Emperor Yongle intended them to establish a Chinese presence, impose imperial control over trade, and impress foreign peoples in the Indian Ocean basin. He also.

He became a close confidant of the Yongle Emperor. Between andZheng He commanded a series of seven naval expeditions sponsored by the Ming government to establish a Chinese presence and extend the tributary system to the maritime nations in Southeast Asia.

Zheng He set sail on his first voyage on July 11,commanding 62 treasure ships, smaller ships and 27, men.

Zheng he

Zheng He brought back emissaries from 36 countries Zheng he agreed to a tributary relationship, along with rich and unusual gifts, including African zebras and giraffes that ended their days in the Ming imperial zoo. Zheng He died during the seventh voyage and was buried at sea off the Malabar coast near Calicut in Western India.

Zheng He was commander of many treasure fleets of commerce and exploration from China to other regions of Asia and to Africa. The Muslim eunuch admiral of Ming China's treasure fleet, Zheng He, led one of the greatest armadas in history on 7 voyages around the Indian Ocean. Read and learn for free about the following article: Zheng He.

Zheng Zheng he to the Semu or Semur caste which practiced Islam. Infollowing the fall of the Yuan Dynastya Ming army was dispatched to Yunnan to put down the Mongol rebel Basalawarmi, commonly known as the Prince of Liang, a descendant of Kublai Khan and a Yuan Dynasty loyalist.

Zheng He, then only a young boy of eleven years, was taken captive by that army and castrated, becoming a eunuch.

He was made an orderly in the army, and bywhen the army was placed under the command of the Prince of Yen, Zheng He Ma Ho had distinguished himself as a junior officer, skilled in war and diplomacy.

Naval expeditions

He became a close confidant of Prince of Yen. The Ming court then sought to display its naval power to the maritime states of South and Southeast Asia. The Chinese had been expanding their influence across the seas for three hundred years, establishing an extensive sea trade to bring spices and raw materials to China.

By the beginning of the Ming dynasty, shipbuilding and the art of navigation had reached new heights in China. Between andthe Ming government sponsored a series of seven naval expeditions.

Zheng he

Emperor Yongle intended them to establish a Chinese presence, impose imperial control over trade, and impress foreign peoples in the Indian Ocean basin. He also might have wanted to extend the tributary system, by which Chinese dynasties traditionally recognized foreign peoples.

Many of these ships were mammoth nine-masted "treasure ships," by far the largest marine craft the world had ever seen.

Ming treasure voyages - Wikipedia

He defeated his forces and took the King back to Nanking as a captive to apologize to the Emperor. On his return he touched at Samudra, on the northern tip of Sumatra.

Zheng He set out on his fourth voyage in After stopping at the principal ports of Asia, he proceeded westward from India to Hormuz. A part of the fleet then cruised southward down the Arabian coast, the Persian Gulf and Arabiavisiting Djofar and Aden.

A Chinese mission visited Mecca and continued to Egypt.

Zheng He Statue

The fleet visited Brava and Malindi in what is now Kenyaand almost reached the Mozambique Channel. On his return to China inCheng Ho brought envoys from more than 30 states of South and Southeast Asia to pay homage to the Chinese emperor.

Ina sixth voyage was launched to return the foreign emissaries to their homes, again visiting Southeast Asia, IndiaArabia, and Africa. Final Voyage Inthe Yongle Emperor died. Zheng He made one final voyage under the Xuande Emperor reigned —visiting the states of Southeast Asia, the coast of India, the Persian Gulf, the Red Seaand the east coast of Africa, but after that the Chinese treasure ship fleets were disbanded.

Although he has a tomb in China, it is empty: Therefore it can never be ascertained exactly where Zheng sailed on these two expeditions.

Zheng He - Wikipedia

The traditional view is that he went as far as Persia. It is now the widely accepted view that his expeditions went as far as the Mozambique Channel in East Africa, from the ancient Chinese artifacts discovered there.

A giraffe brought from Africa in the twelfth year of Yongle C.Zheng He was an ethnically Muslim Chinese figure of the Ming Dynasty, which ruled China for years between the and Zheng He might be called the “Christopher Columbus” of China because of his spectacular journeys to far-off lands, such as East Africa, the Middle East, and Sri Lanka.

Zheng He, Wade-Giles romanization Cheng Ho, original name Ma Sanbao, later Ma He, (born c. , Kunyang, near Kunming, Yunnan province, China—died , Calicut [now Kozhikode], India), admiral and diplomat who helped extend the maritime and commercial influence of China throughout the regions bordering the Indian Ocean.

In the third lunar month (30 March to 28 April) of , a preliminary order was issued for Zheng He and others to take command of 27, troops to the Western Ocean. An imperial edict, dated to 11 July , was issued containing the order for the expedition.

The Muslim eunuch admiral of Ming China's treasure fleet, Zheng He, led one of the greatest armadas in history on 7 voyages around the Indian Ocean. Zheng He (Chinese: 鄭和; – or ) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming barnweddingvt.com was originally born as Ma He in a Muslim family, later adopted the conferred surname Zheng from Emperor Yongle.

Zheng He as a Chinese Muslim. Zheng He travelled to Mecca, though he did not perform the pilgrimage barnweddingvt.com government of the People's Republic of China uses him as a model to integrate the Muslim minority into the Chinese nation.

Zheng He - Wikipedia